My Diamond Isn’t Flawless? A Practical Guide to Understanding Nature’s Creation

03 copyMost of us are aware of the fact that natural diamonds are formed deep within the Earth under intense pressure and heat. Well, with anything that is naturally made, there are also natural imperfections. For a diamond, they are like birthmarks and are completely expected. It’s true, your diamond isn’t flawless. To the naked eye it probably looks absolutely exquisite, but there are minor imperfections to be sure.

If you are just starting your search for the perfect engagement ring, here’s a quick guide to the flaws and imperfections you can expect. Some, such as cloudiness, you’ll want to avoid. This imperfection will affect the brilliance of the stone. On the other hand, a small carbon deposit, which looks like a fleck of pepper, can easily hide under a prong if it’s in the right place and not deter from the sparkle of your diamond at all.

Here’s Your Diamond Imperfection Guide

There are two major categories which diamond flaws fall under. External and internal. External flaws are generally removed in the polishing process. Internal flaws, also referred to as inclusions, are located within the stone itself and these are the imperfections you’ll be looking at when you are selecting your diamond engagement ring.

There are several different internal flaws to look for in a diamond. Keep in mind when looking for your perfect stone, the most important factors are brilliance (or the stones ability to reflect light), colour (you are usually looking for the absence of colour), and transparency (your ability to see through the stone without noticing cloudy areas or large deposits). This is all with the naked eye. With that in mind, here are the imperfections you can expect to find in diamonds:

  • Feathers – These tiny inclusions present in the interior of the stone resemble a feather in appearance.
  • Clouds ¬†– are made up of a large number of microscopic crystals which will absorb light and take away from the brilliance of the diamond.
  • Carbon deposits – ¬†tiny flecks within the diamond and can affect the grade if they are large and easily seen.
  • Pinpoints – are tiny flaws that can generally only be detected through a 10x jeweller’s loupe or microscope.
  • Included crystals – are the most common diamond inclusions and are formed when various types of crystals become trapped within the stone during the crystallization process. The effect they have on the grade the diamond is given depends on the clour as well as the size of the inclusion.
  • A knot – occurs during the polishing process when an inclusion becomes exposed. The knot will have a different appearance than the rest of the polished facets.

Should you be worried about flaws in your diamond? All Diamonds, under enough magnification, will have flaws. The only inclusions to be of concern are cracks which affect the integrity of your stone. Your jewellery professional will make you aware of this situation if it were to occur, but fine jewellery stores rarely include stones in their inventory which are severely included.

It is smart to educate yourself on the different flaws you may run into when comparing stones. This will keep you from being surprised. Since diamonds are created by nature, expect slight imperfections and be aware of which imperfections (cloudiness) will affect the way the stone appears so you can steer clear of those.

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